7 Major Exports Coming Straight Out of Sudan That You Need To Know About

exports from sudan

Sudan has many valuable natural resources – and the good news is that our country continues to have an abundance of them all over!

Over the years, the most common destination where our land’s valuables have been exported are UAE, Saudi Arabia, China and Italy.

It’s important to note that the utilisation and development of these resources can be influenced by various factors, including political stability, infrastructure, and economic conditions.

7. Kordofan Gum (a.k.a Gum Arabic

Did you know Kordofan Gum also known as acacia gum, is a key ingredient used in many of our daily life essentials? From the stabiliser in your favourite drinks to the medicines we need and even in your makeup, that’s right.

80% of Kordofan Gum is harvested from – well you guessed it right, Sudan! There is a demand for Kordofan Gum by manufacturers worldwide mainly for its binding, thickening, stabilising and adhesive properties.


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6. Sudanese Petrol

The good stuff. Sudan holds billions – 5,000,000,00 to be exact of oil reserves, as of 2016.

Oil was first found in North-East Sudan way back in 1979. The main two crude-grade oils are Nile and Al Dar which are exported mainly to China, India and Malaysia. Sudan has so much oil that in 2020 and 2021 its oil field produced 59,000 barrels per day.

Just like its people, Sudan’s petrol falls victim to ongoing political conflict.

5. Foul Sudani (Peanuts

We love our peanuts, from peanut butter to our infamous “Dakwa” (a spicy, tart and very delicious dip) – Sudan’s peanut production makes up around 14% of the world’s production.

The western regions of Darfur and Kordofan have always served as the primary hub for peanut production, while Gazeria and East Sudan play a significant role in nurturing the growth of the second peanut variety. This distribution of cultivation not only ensures a stable supply of peanuts but also supports local economies, providing income and employment opportunities for farmers and agricultural communities in different parts of Sudan.

Although Sudan is full of agricultural opportunities, ongoing conflict is the biggest threat to the country’s sustainable production.

4. Sheep and Goats (Livestock) 

If you or anyone you know has ever visited Sudan and tried any of our meaty dishes – then we’re sure it was the best experience of your life. This explains why Sudan has been the second-largest livestock exporter in the world.

Sudan’s main importers of our delicious meats have been Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Egypt – so if you’ve been to any of these countries and enjoyed a meat dish… It was probably Sudanese.

3. Cotton

Soft and Fluffy, Sudan has been cultivating cotton in the past, and present and will continue in the future.

Cotton cultivation in Sudan is considered very valuable as it attracts lots of workers, starting from the cultivation process till it’s delivered to the consumer! Sudan exports most of its raw cotton to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. These nations, renowned for their textile industries, rely on Sudan’s high-quality cotton as a vital raw material for the production of textiles and garments



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2. Sesame Seeds

What makes our sesame seeds so special? Well, they have a high oil content and a unique rich nutty flavour! Sesame seeds in Sudan are mainly cultivated in Al Gadarif state.

In 2015, Sudan was actually ranked as the second largest exporter of sesame seeds after India, with about 296,000 tons of sesame exported. The sesame varieties grow up to 14 types but to simplify things, the most common ones are brown, white and mixed sesame seeds (just like our people)!

Our sesame oil drizzled over a HOT plate of traditional Sudanese Foul (fava beans) is heavenly. Where do our special seeds go? Egypt, the Middle East, Asia, and the USA.

1. Gold (DAHAB)

GOLD is a girl’s best friend! But also war’s best friend.

Sudan is Africa’s third leading gold producer on the continent – recording 26.4 tons of gold exported within the first nine months of 2021. Sudan continues to attract both local and international investment in this sector.

Sudan’s gold production has experienced fluctuations over the years, as a result of many various factors such as global gold prices, regulatory frameworks, and security conditions, making it very unfair to the communities of Sudan who deserve to be dripping in dahab.


It is essential always to recall the value of our hometown and its endless possibilities of wealth, prosperity and peace. Our Sudan has much to offer, and so we must continue to remember all of its glory during these turbulent times.

We’re staying hopeful too! Check us out on #LovinKhartoum or read our latest here.


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